Author: Novokshonov, A.I.
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WEOC03 A Simple Model to Describe Smoke Ring Shaped Beam Profile Measurements With Scintillating Screens at the European XFEL 366
  • G. Kube, S. Liu, A.I. Novokshonov, M. Scholz
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  Standard beam profile measurements of high-brightness electron beams based on OTR may be hampered by coherence effects. Therefore it was decided for the European XFEL to measure transverse beam profiles based on scintillating screen monitors using LYSO:Ce. While it is possible to resolve beam sizes down to a few micrometers with this scintillator, the experience during the XFEL commissioning showed that the measured emittance values were significantly larger than the expected ones. In addition, beam profiles measured at bunch charges of a few hundred pC showed a 'smoke ring' structure. While coherent OTR emission and beam dynamical influence can be excluded, it is assumed that the profile distortions are caused by effects from the scintillator material. Following the experience in high energy physics, a simple model was developed which takes into account quenching effects of excitonic carriers inside a scintillator in a heuristic way. Based on this model, the observed beam profiles can be understood qualitatively. Together with the model description, first comparisons with experiments will be presented, and new scintillators suitable for beam profile diagnostics will be discussed.  
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WEPB11 Spatial Resolution Improvement of OTR Monitors by Off-axis Light Collection 451
  • A. Potylitsyn, A.I. Novokshonov, L.G. Sukhikh
    TPU, Tomsk, Russia
  • G. Kube, A.I. Novokshonov
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  Funding: The work was partly supported by the program "Nauka" of the Russian Ministry of Education and Science, grant #3.1903.2017
The spatial resolution of an OTR monitor for electron beam profile diagnostics is determined by the resolution of the optical system and by the Point Spread Function (PSF) representing the single electron image. In the image plane, the PSF has a typical lobe-shape distribution with an inter-peak distance depending on wavelength and lens aperture ratio [*]. For a beam with a transverse rms size smaller than the distance, the reconstruction of the beam profile has several difficulties [**, ***]. We propose to reduce the PSF contribution and to improve the spatial resolution of an OTR monitor simply by rotating the lens optical axis with respect to the specular reflection direction. If the difference between the rotational angle and the lens aperture is much larger than the inverse Lorentz factor, the PSF has a Gaussian-like distribution which matches practically with the Airy distribution. Thus the resolution depends on wavelength and lens aperture. In principle, for lens apertures in the order of 0.1 rad such an approach should allow to measure beam sizes comparable to the wavelength of observation, using a simple deconvolution procedure for the measured image and the PSF.
* M. Castellano, V.Verzilov, Phys. Rev. ST-AB, 1 (1998).
** K.Kruchinin, S.T.Boogert, P.Karataev et al., Proc. IBIC 2013 (2013).
*** L.G. Sukhikh, A.P. Potylitsyn, G. Kube, Phys. Rev. AB 20 (2017).
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