7. Data acquisition systems
Paper Title Page
MOPC11 Data Acquisition System for Beam Instrumentation of SXFEL and DCLS 137
  • Y.B. Yan
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  • J. Chen, L.W. Lai, Y.B. Leng, C.L. Yu, L.Y. Yu, H. Zhao, W.M. Zhou
    SSRF, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  The high-gain free electron lasers have given scientists hopes for new scientific discoveries in many frontier research areas. The Shanghai X-Ray Free-Electron Laser (SXFEL) test facility is commissioning at the SSRF campus. The Dalian Coherent Light Source (DCLS) has successfully commissioned in the northeast of China, which is the brightest vacuum ultraviolet free electron laser facility. The data acquisition system for beam instrumentation is based on EPICS platform. The field programmable gate array (FPGA) and embedded controller are adopted for the signal processing and device control. The high-level applications are developed using Python. The details of the data acquisition system will be reported in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPC11  
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MOPC12 The Radial Detector in the Cyclotron of HIMM 140
  • M. Li, Y.C. Chen, Y.C. Feng, X.C. Kang, S. Li, W.L. Li, W.N. Ma, R.S. Mao, Y.G. Nie, H.H. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Yin, T.C. Zhao
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People's Republic of China
  The cyclotron is designed as the injector of the Heavy Ion Medical Machine (HIMM) in Wuwei city, China. It provides 10 uA carbon beams to fulfill the requirement of the accumulation in the following syn-chrotron. The Radial detector is used to measure the beam current and beam turn motion in this Cyclotron. The beam current signal gathered by radial detector is acquired by four picoammeters, meanwhile the beam time structure is measured with FPGA and real time operating system. This paper introduces the design of radial detector, the motion control and data acquisition system for it of the cyclotron. Finally, the beam current and turn pattern measurement results at HIMM are presented in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPC12  
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MOPC14 The Design of Dose Parameter Acquisition and Control System for a Pencil Beam Scanning System in HUST-PTF 143
  • Y.Y. Hu, H.D. Guo, H. Lei, X.Y. Li, Y.J. Lin, P. Tan, Y.C. Yu
    HUST, Wuhan, People's Republic of China
  Pencil beam scanning (PBS) technology is a flexible and accurate dose delivery technology in proton therapy, which can deliver beams adapting to irregularly shaped tumors, while it requires precise diagnostic and real-time control of the beam dose and position. In this paper,a dose parameter acquisition and control system for the pencil beam scanning system based on the EPICS and LabVIEW is designed for HUST-PTF. The EPICS environment is built to realize the data exchange function between the front-end devices and control system. A channel access server(CAS)is designed to convert treatment parameters into the process variables (PVs) and expose them to the network for data sharing. Under current experimental conditions, the simulated beam current is generated according to the dose parameters in the treatment plan file. The current are processed by a digital electrometer and transmitted to the EPICS database in real time. Then the control system user interface based on LabVIEW is realized for displaying and parameter analysis.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPC14  
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MOPC16 The Development and Applications of Digital BPM Signal Processor on SSRF 147
  • L.W. Lai, F.Z. Chen, Y.B. Leng, Y.B. Yan, N. Zhang, W.M. Zhou
    SSRF, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  The development of Digital BPM Signal Processors (DBPM) for SSRF started from 2008. The first prototype for SSRF storage ring was completed in 2012, with turn-by-turn resolution better than 1μm. From 2016 to 2017, SSRF successively constructed two FEL facilities in China, DCLS and SXFEL test facilities. The second ver-sion DBPM was developed and used in large scale during this period to meet the requirements of signal processing for stripline BPMs and cavity BPMs. After that, we turned to the development of DBPM for SSRF storage ring based on the second version hardware, including FPGA firmware, EPICS IOC, EDM control panel. The development was completed and tests were carried out in early 2018. Test results showed that the position data is accurate and can monitor beam movement correctly, and online turn-by-turn position data resolution reaches 0.46μm. This paper will introduce the design of DBPM for the SSRF storage ring and the tests carried out to verify the data accuracy and evaluate the system performance.  
poster icon Poster MOPC16 [1.372 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPC16  
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MOPC17 On-line Crosstalk Measurement and Compensation Algorithm Study of SXFEL Digital BPM System 150
  • F.Z. Chen, L.W. Lai, Y.B. Leng, T. Wu, L.Y. Yu
    SSRF, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  • J. Chen, R.X. Yuan
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  Shanghai soft X-ray Free Electron Laser (SXFEL) has acquired the custom designed Digital BPM processor used for signal processing of cavity BPMs and stripline BPMs. In order to realize monitor the beam position accurately, it has high demand for DBPM system performance. Considering the crosstalk may introduce distortion and influence beam position resolution, it is important to analyze and compensate the crosstalk to improve the resolution. We choose the CBPM signal to study the crosstalk for its narrowband and sensitive for phase. The main experiment concept is successive accessing four channels to form a signal transfer matrix, which including amplitude frequency response and phase response information. And the compensation algorithm is acquire four channel readouts, then using the signal transfer matrix to reverse the true signal to ensure the accurate beam position measurement. This concept has already been tested at SXFEL and hopeful to compensate the crosstalk sufficiently.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPC17  
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MOPC18 Development of an Expert System for the High Intensity Neutrino Beam Facility at J-PARC 154
  • K. Nakayoshi, Y. Fujii, T. Nakadaira, K. Sakashita
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  A high intensity neutrino beam is utilized by a long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment at J-PARC. To generate a high intensity neutrino beam, a high intensity proton beam is extracted from a 30GeV Main Ring Synchrotron (MR) to the neutrino primary beamline. In the beamline, one mistaken shot can potentially do serious damage to beamline equipment. To avoid such a consequence, many beamline equipment interlocks to stop the beam operation are implemented. Once an interlock is activated, prompt and proper error handling is necessary. We are developing an expert system for prompt and efficient understanding of the status to quickly resume the beam operation. An inference engine is one key component in the expert system. We are developing a Machine-Learning(ML) based inference engine for our expert system. ML is one of the most active research fields in computing, we adopt the technology from it. We report the progress of development of the expert system especially ML based inference engine.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPC18  
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MOPC19 Virtual Signal Spectrum Analyzer Development Based On RedPitaya and EPICS for Tune Measurement in BEPCII 159
  • Y.H. Lu, J. He
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  An independent tune measurement system was developed in BEPCII with Direct Diode Detect (3D) technique. The system includes two diagonal electrode signals of a set of BPM, a self-developed board based on Direct Diode Detect (3D) technique, and a commercial virtual spectrum analyzer with a proprietary GUI client. Based on the open source digital electronics RedPitaya and open source software Spectrum, a device driver was developed based on EPICS and ASYN support for replacement of the commercial virtual spectrum analyzers and integration with the central system EPICS. According to the application requirements of tune measurement in BEPCII, the device driver finds the frequency point and power value corresponding to the X&Y tune between 631 to 800 kHz. The spectral resolution is 119 Hz. An EPICS IOC was built and run on RedPitaya for accessing the device driver. A CSS-based user interface shows the signal's power spectra and the tune frequency directly.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPC19  
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THOA01 Low vs High Level Programming for FPGA 527
  • J. Marjanovic
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  From their introduction in the eighties, Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) have grown in size and performance for several orders of magnitude. As the FPGA capabilities have grown, so have the designs. It seems that current tools and languages (VHDL and (System)Verilog) do not match the complexity required for advanced digital signal processing (DSP) systems usually found in experimental physics applications. In the last couple of years several commercial High-Level Synthesis (HLS) tools have emerged, providing a new method to implement FPGA designs, or at least some parts of it. By providing a higher level of abstraction, new tools offer a possibility to express algorithms in a way which is closer to the mathematical description. Such implementation is understood by a broader range of people, and thus minimizes the documentation and communication issues. Several examples of DSP algorithms relevant for beam instrumentation will be presented. Implementations of these algorithms with different HLS tools and traditional implementation in VHDL will be compared.  
slides icon Slides THOA01 [1.873 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-THOA01  
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THOA02 High-Speed Direct Sampling FMC for Beam Diagnostic and Accelerator Protection Applications 534
  • J. Zink, M.K. Czwalinna, M. Fenner, S. Jabłoński, J. Marjanovic, H. Schlarb
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  The rapid development in the field of digitizers is leading to Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADC) with ever higher sampling rates. Nowadays many high-speed digitizers for RF applications and radio communication are available, which can sample broadband signals, without the need of down converters. These ADCs fit perfectly into beam instrumentation and diagnostic applications, e.g. Bunch Arrival time Monitor (BAM), klystron life-time management or continuous wave synchronization. To cover all these high-frequency diagnostic applications, DESY has developed a direct sampling FMC digitizer board based on a high-speed ADC with an analog input bandwidth of 2.7 GHz. A high-speed data acquisition system capable of acquiring 2 channels at 800 MSP/s will be presented. As first model application of the versatile digitizer board is the coarse bunch arrival time diagnostics in the free electron laser FLASH at DESY.  
slides icon Slides THOA02 [5.817 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-THOA02  
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