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MOPA04 The Beam Instruments for HIMM@IMP synchrotron, MMI, detector, cyclotron 33
  • T.C. Zhao, Y.C. Chen, J.M. Dong, Y.C. Feng, X.C. Kang, M. Li, S. Li, W.L. Li, W.N. Ma, R.S. Mao, H.H. Song, K. Song, Y. Wang, K. Wei, Z.G. Xu, Y. Yan, Y. Yin, Z.L. Zhao
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People's Republic of China
  HIMM(Heavy Ion Medical Machine)is a synchrotron based accelerator for cancer therapy in Wuwei city, China. It is composed of 2 ion sources, LEBT, cyclotron, MEBT, a synchrotron, HEBT and therapy terminals. The commissioning of HIMM is completed .At present, electrical safety, electromagnetic compatibility and performance testing of medical devices have been passed, and now enters the clinical tests phase. The beam diagnositics(BD) devices for HIMM are designed and produced by IMP BD department .An overview of the integrated devices is presented, and the common beam parameters in the different parts of the accelerator facility are reviewed including intensity measurement, beam profile, emmitance, energy and so on with the related detectors such as the View Screen, Faraday Cup, Radial Detector, Multi-wires, Phase Probe, Wire Scanner, DCCT, ICT, BPM, Schottky, Slit, Beam Stopper, Beam Halo Monitor, Multi-channel Ionization Chamber. Additionally, the RF-KO for beam extraction, the strip foil with automatic control system as well as the detectors for terminal therapy are described.  
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MOPB03 High-Energy Scraper System for the S-DALINAC Extraction Beam Line - Commissioning Run* experiment, linac, dipole, quadrupole 75
  • L.E. Jürgensen, M. Arnold, T. Bahlo, C. Burandt, R. Grewe, J. Pforr, N. Pietralla, A. Rost, S. Weih, J. Wissmann
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • F. Hug
    IKP, Mainz, Germany
  • T. Kürzeder
    HIM, Mainz, Germany
  Funding: *Funded by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft under grant No. GRK 2128
The S-DALINAC is a thrice recirculating, superconducting linear electron accelerator at TU Darmstadt. It delivers electron beams in cw-mode with energies up to 130 MeV. The high-energy scraper system has been installed in its extraction beam line to reduce the energy spread and improve the energy stability of the beam for the experiments operated downstream. It comprises three scraper slits within a dispersion-conserving chicane consisting of four dipole magnets and eight quadrupole magnets. The primary scraper, located in a dispersive section, allows to improve and stabilize the energy spread. In addition energy fluctuations can be detected. Scraping of x- and y-halo is implemented in two positions enclosing the position of the primary scraper. We will present technical details and results of the first commissioning run of the recently installed system at the S DALINAC. Besides improving on the energy spread, it proved to be a valuable device to observe energy spread and energy fluctuations as well as to reduce background count rates next to the experimental areas.
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MOPB07 Beam Parameter Measurements for the J-PARC High-Intensity Neutrino Extraction Beamline proton, target, radiation, monitoring 85
  • M.L. Friend
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  Proton beam monitoring is absolutely essential for the J-PARC neutrino extraction beamline, where neutrinos are produced by the collision of 30 GeV protons from the J-PARC MR accelerator with a long carbon target. Continuous beam monitoring is crucial for the stable and safe operation of the extraction line high intensity proton beam, since even a single misfired beam spill can cause serious damage to beamline equipment at 2.5x1014 and higher protons-per-pulse. A precise understanding of the proton beam intensity and profile on the neutrino production target is also necessary for predicting the neutrino beam flux with high precision. Details of the suite of monitors used to continuously and precisely monitor the J-PARC neutrino extraction line proton beam will be shown, including recent running experiences, challenges, and future upgrade plans.  
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MOPC04 Beam Charge Measurement and System Calibration in CSNS proton, target, beam-transport, operation 122
  • W.L. Huang, F. Li
    CSNS, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China
  • L. Ma, S. Wang, T.G. Xu
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
  In China Spallation Neutron Source(CSNS), the beam charge monitors along the ring to the target beam transport line(RTBT) and the ring to the dump beam transport line(RDBT), are consisted of an ICT and three FCTs manufactured by Bergoz. The electronics includes a set of NI PXIe-5160 oscilloscope digitizer, and a Beam Charge Monitor(BCM) from Bergoz as supplementary. The beam charge monitors provide the following information: a) the quantity of protons bombarded the tungsten target; b) the efficiency of particle transportation; c) a T0 signal to the detectors and spectrometers of the white neutron source. With the calibration with an octopus 50Ω terminator in lab and an onboard 16-turn calibrating coils at the local control room, corrections for the introducing the 16-turn calibrating coils and the long cable were made. An accuracy of ±2% for the beam charge measurement during the machine operation has been achieved with the ICT/FCTs and a PXIe-5160 oscilloscope digitizer.  
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MOPC08 Beam Intensity Monitoring with nA Resolution - the Cryogenic Current Comparator (CCC)* cryogenics, antiproton, proton, shielding 130
  • D.M. Haider, P. Forck, F. Kurian, M. Schwickert, T. Sieber, T. Stöhlker
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • H. De Gersem, N. Marsic
    TEMF, TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  • M.F. Fernandes, J. Tan
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  • J. Golm, F. Schmidl, P. Seidel
    FSU Jena, Jena, Germany
  • J. Golm, T. Stöhlker, V. Tympel
    HIJ, Jena, Germany
  • M. Schmelz, R. Stolz, V. Zakosarenko
    IPHT, Jena, Germany
  • T. Stöhlker
    IOQ, Jena, Germany
  • V. Zakosarenko
    Supracon AG, Jena, Germany
  Funding: * Work supported by AVA - Accelerators Validating Antimatter the EU H2020 Marie-Curie Action No. 721559 and by the BMBF under contract No. 05P15SJRBA.
The storage of low current beams as well as the long extraction times from the synchrotrons at FAIR require non-destructive beam intensity monitoring with a current resolution of nanoampere. To fulfill this requirement, the concept of the Cryogenic Current Comparator (CCC), based on the low temperature SQUID, is used to obtain an extremely sensitive beam current transformer. During the last years, CCCs have been installed to do measurements of the spill structure in the extraction line of GSI SIS18 and for current monitoring in the CERN Antiproton Decelerator. From these experiences lessons can be learned to facilitate further developments. The goal of the ongoing research is to improve the robustness of the CCC towards external influences, such as vibrations, stray fields and He-pressure variations, as well as to develop a cost-efficient concept for the superconducting shield and the cryostat.
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MOPC12 The Radial Detector in the Cyclotron of HIMM cyclotron, controls, target, detector 140
  • M. Li, Y.C. Chen, Y.C. Feng, X.C. Kang, S. Li, W.L. Li, W.N. Ma, R.S. Mao, Y.G. Nie, H.H. Song, Y. Wang, Y. Yin, T.C. Zhao
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People's Republic of China
  The cyclotron is designed as the injector of the Heavy Ion Medical Machine (HIMM) in Wuwei city, China. It provides 10 uA carbon beams to fulfill the requirement of the accumulation in the following syn-chrotron. The Radial detector is used to measure the beam current and beam turn motion in this Cyclotron. The beam current signal gathered by radial detector is acquired by four picoammeters, meanwhile the beam time structure is measured with FPGA and real time operating system. This paper introduces the design of radial detector, the motion control and data acquisition system for it of the cyclotron. Finally, the beam current and turn pattern measurement results at HIMM are presented in this paper.  
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TUPA01 Pin Diode in a Medical Accelerator - a Proof of Principle and Preliminary Measurements controls, diagnostics, beam-diagnostic, proton 208
  • A. Pozenel, M. Eichinger, S. Enke, M. Fürtinger, C. Kurfürst, M. Repovž
    EBG MedAustron, Wr. Neustadt, Austria
  The MedAustron Ion Therapy Center located south of Vienna, Austria, is a cancer treatment facility utilizing a particle therapy accelerator optimized for protons and carbon ions. The beam is injected into the synchrotron, accelerated to the desired speed and extracted to be guid-ed into one of four irradiation rooms. During extraction a certain amount of particles is lost which is measured with a PIN diode. In this paper the measurement method of this system is presented, as well as some measurement attempts documented.  
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THOB01 Injection Transient Study Using 6-Dimensional Bunch-by-bunch Diagnostic System at SSRF* SRF, injection, kicker, diagnostics 542
  • Y.M. Zhou, Y.B. Leng, N. Zhang
    SSRF, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  • B. Gao
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  Beam instability often occurs in the accelerator and even causes beam loss. The beam injection transient process provides an important window for the study of beam instability. Measurement of the bunch-by-bunch dynamic parameters of the storage ring is useful for accelerator optimization. A 6-dimensional bunch-by-bunch diagnostic system has been successfully implemented at SSRF. The measurements of transverse position and size and longitudinal phase and length are all completed by the system. Button BPM is used to measure beam position, phase, and length, and the synchrotron radiation light is used to beam size measurement. Signals are sampled simultaneously by a multi-channel acquisition system with the same clock and trigger. Different data processing methods are used to extract the 6-dimensional information, where the delta-over-sum algorithm for beam position extraction, the Gaussian fitting algorithm for beam size extraction, zero-crossing detection algorithm for beam phase extraction and the two-frequency method for bunch length extraction. The system set up and performance will be discussed in more detail in this paper.  
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