Keyword: laser
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MOOA02 Noise in Radio/Optical Communications electron, electronics, radio-frequency, optics 1
 
  • M. Vidmar
    University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Ljubljana, Slovenia
 
  Noise is a random signal that affects the performance of all electronic and/or optical devices. Although the sources of different kinds of noise have their backgrounds in physics, engineers dealing with noise use different methods and units to specify noise. The intention of this tutorial is to describe the main effects of noise in electronics up to optical frequencies while providing links between the physics and engineering worlds. In particular, noise is considered harmful while degrading the signal-to-noise ratio or broadening the spectrum of signal sources. On the other hand, noise can be itself a useful signal. Finally, artificially generated signals that exhibit many properties of random natural noise are sometimes required.  
slides icon Slides MOOA02 [3.742 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOOA02  
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MOPA09 Overview of Beam Instrumentation and Commissioning Results from the Coherent Electron Cooling Experiment at BNL* electron, cathode, optics, undulator 43
 
  • T.A. Miller, J.C.B. Brutus, W.C. Dawson, D.M. Gassner, R.L. Hulsart, P. Inacker, J.P. Jamilkowski, D. Kayran, V. Litvinenko, C. Liu, R.J. Michnoff, M.G. Minty, P. Oddo, M.C. Paniccia, I. Pinayev, Z. Sorrell, J.E. Tuozzolo
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
  • V. Litvinenko
    Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, USA
 
  Funding: *Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886 with the U.S. Department of Energy
The Coherent Electron Cooling (CeC) Proof-of-Principle experiment [1], installed in the RHIC tunnel at BNL, has completed its second run. In this experiment, an FEL is used to amplify patterns imprinted on the cooling electron beam by the RHIC ion bunches and then the imprinted pattern is fed back to the ions to achieve cooling of the ion beam. Diagnostics for the CeC experiment have been fully commissioned during this year's run. An overview of the beam instrumentation is presented, this includes devices for measurements of beam current, position, profile, bunch charge, emittance, as well as gun photocathode imaging and FEL infra-red light emission diagnostics. Design details are discussed and beam measurement results are presented.
[1] I. Pinayev, et al, 'First Results of Proof-of-Principle Experiment of Coherent Electron Cooling at BNL' proceedings from IPAC 2018, Vancouver, CANADA
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPA09  
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MOPA14 Electron Spectrometer for a Low Charge Intermediate Energy LWFA Electron Beam Measurement electron, dipole, experiment, vacuum 57
 
  • A.V. Ottmar, Yu.I. Maltseva, T.V. Rybitskaya
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
  • V. Gubin
    Institute of Laser Physics, SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  The Laser-driven Compton light source is under development in ILP SB RAS in collaboration with BINP SB RAS. Electron spectrometer for measurement of LWFA electron beam with energy in the range 10-150 MeV and bunch charge 1-10 pC is presented. Spectrometer based on permanent magnet and luminous screen with CCD registrar and this geometry was optimized for best measurements resolution in compromise with size limitations. Preliminary collimation of electron beam allows achieving energy resolution up to 5-10 % of top limit. System has been tested at the VEPP-5 linear electron accelerator and obtained results correspond to design objectives. Sensitivity of beam transverse charge density was experimentally fixed at 0.03 pC/mm2, it is practically sufficient for our LWFA experiments.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPA14  
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MOPA16 Design of a Compact Permanent Magnet Spectrometer for CILEX/APOLLON electron, permanent-magnet, dipole, induction 61
 
  • M. Khojoyan, A. Cauchois, J. Prudent, A. Specka
    LLR, Palaiseau, France
 
  Laser wakefield acceleration experiments make extensive use of small permanent magnets or magnet assemblies for analyzing and focusing electron beams produced in plasma accelerators. This choice is motivated by the ease of operation inside vacuum chambers, absence of power-supplies and feedthroughs, and potentially lower cost. Indeed, in these experiments space is at premium, and compactness is frequently required. At the same time, these magnets have to have a large angular acceptance for the divergent laser and electron beams which imposes constraint of the gap size. We will present the optimized design and characterization of a 100 mm long, 2.1 Tesla permanent magnet dipole. Furthermore, we will present the implementation of this magnet in a spectrometer that will measure the energy spectrum of electrons of [60-2000] MeV with a few percent resolution in the CILEX/APOLLON 10PW laser facility in France.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPA16  
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MOPB02 ARIES-ADA: An R&D Network for Advanced Diagnostics at Accelerators electron, synchrotron, diagnostics, emittance 71
 
  • P. Forck, M. Sapinski
    GSI, Darmstadt, Germany
  • C. Gerth, K. Wittenburg
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • U. Iriso, F. Pérez
    ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain
  • R. Ischebeck
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • O.R. Jones
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Funding: This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 730871.
Accelerator Research and Innovation for European Science and Society, ARIES, is an initiative funded by the European Union (https://aries.web.cern.ch/). The activity comprises three major categories: Joint Research Activities; Transnational Access; Network Activities. One of these networks is related to Advanced Diagnostics at Accelerators (ADA) with the task of strengthening collaborations between international laboratories for coordinated research and development in beam diagnostics (https://aries.web.cern.ch/content/wp8). This task is performed by organizing topical workshops on actual developments and supporting interchange of experts between different labs. Since the start of the project in May 2017 four topical workshops of two to three days duration have been organized, each with 30-40 participants ranging from novices to worldwide experts in their particular field. In this contribution these initial workshops are summarized and an outlook given for further workshops within this ARIES-ADA network.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPB02  
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MOPB04 Progress in the Stripline Kicker for ELBE kicker, simulation, electron, radiation 78
 
  • Ch. Schneider, A. Arnold, J. Hauser, P. Michel
    HZDR, Dresden, Germany
 
  The linac based cw electron accelerator ELBE operates different secondary beamlines one at a time. For the future different end stations should be served simultaneously, hence specific bunch patterns have to be kicked into different beam-lines. The variability of the bunch pattern and the frequency resp. switching time are one of the main arguments for a stripline-kicker. A design with two tapered active electrodes and two ground fenders was optimized in time and frequency domain with the software package CST. From that a design has been transferred into a construction and was manufactured. The presentation summarises the recent results and the status of the project.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPB04  
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MOPB10 A Study on the Influence of Bunch Longitudinal Distribution on the Cavity Bunch Length Measurement cavity, electron, FEL, free-electron-laser 97
 
  • Q. Wang, Q. Luo, B.G. Sun, F.F. Wu
    USTC/NSRL, Hefei, Anhui, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Supported by National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFA0401900, 2016YFA0401903), NSFC (11375178, 11575181) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (WK2310000046)
Cavity bunch length measurement is used to obtain the bunch length depending on the eigenmodes exciting in-side the cavity. For today's FELs, the longitudinal distribution of particles in electron bunch (bunch shape) may be non-Gaussian, sometimes very novel. In this paper, the influence of bunch shape on the cavity bunch length measurement is analyzed, and some examples are given to verify the theoretical results. The analysis shows that the longitudinal distribution of particles in electron bunch has little influence on the cavity bunch length measure-ment when the bunch length is less than 1 ps and the eigenmodes used in measurement are below 10GHz.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPB10  
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MOPC11 Data Acquisition System for Beam Instrumentation of SXFEL and DCLS FEL, controls, data-acquisition, instrumentation 137
 
  • Y.B. Yan
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  • J. Chen, L.W. Lai, Y.B. Leng, C.L. Yu, L.Y. Yu, H. Zhao, W.M. Zhou
    SSRF, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
 
  The high-gain free electron lasers have given scientists hopes for new scientific discoveries in many frontier research areas. The Shanghai X-Ray Free-Electron Laser (SXFEL) test facility is commissioning at the SSRF campus. The Dalian Coherent Light Source (DCLS) has successfully commissioned in the northeast of China, which is the brightest vacuum ultraviolet free electron laser facility. The data acquisition system for beam instrumentation is based on EPICS platform. The field programmable gate array (FPGA) and embedded controller are adopted for the signal processing and device control. The high-level applications are developed using Python. The details of the data acquisition system will be reported in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-MOPC11  
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TUPA17 Status of the BNL LEReC Machine Protection System gun, MMI, electron, operation 249
 
  • S. Seletskiy, Z. Altinbas, D. Bruno, M.R. Costanzo, K.A. Drees, A.V. Fedotov, D.M. Gassner, X. Gu, L.R. Hammons, J. Hock, R.L. Hulsart, P. Inacker, J.P. Jamilkowski, D. Kayran, J. Kewisch, C. Liu, K. Mernick, T.A. Miller, M.G. Minty, M.C. Paniccia, W.E. Pekrul, I. Pinayev, V. Ptitsyn, V. Schoefer, L. Smart, K.S. Smith, R. Than, P. Thieberger, J.E. Tuozzolo, W. Xu, Z. Zhao
    BNL, Upton, Long Island, New York, USA
 
  The low energy RHIC Electron Cooler (LEReC) will be operating with 1.6-2.6 MeV electron beams having up to 140 kW power. It was determined that under the worst case scenario the missteered electron beam can damage the vacuum chamber and in-vacuum components within 40 us. Hence, the LEReC requires a dedicated fast machine protection system (MPS). The LEReC MPS has been designed and built and currently is under commissioning. In this paper we describe the most recent developments with the LEReC MPS.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-TUPA17  
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WEOA02 Optical Investigation to Minimize the Electron Bunch Arrival-time Jitter Between Femtosecond Laser Pulses and Electron Bunches for Laser-Driven Plasma Wakefield Accelerators plasma, electron, ECR, polarization 332
 
  • S. Mattiello, A. Penirschke
    THM, Friedberg, Germany
  • H. Schlarb
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Funding: The work of S. Mattiello is supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) within the Project ' MAKE-PWA.
In a laser driven plasma based particle accelerators a stable synchronization of the electron bunch and of the plasma wakefield in the range of less than 2 fs is necessary in order to optimize the acceleration. For this purpose we are developing a new shot to shot feedback system with a time resolution of less than 1 fs. As a first step, stable THz pulses are generated by optical rectification of a fraction of the plasma generating high energy laser pulses in a nonlinear lithium niobate crystal. It is planed that the generated THz pulses will energy modulate the electron bunches shot to shot before the plasma to achieve the time resolution of 1 fs. In this contribution we systematically investigate the influence of the optical properties as well as the theoretical description of the THz generation on the conversion efficiency of the generation of short THz pulses in undepleted approximation. We compare different approximations for the modeling of the generation dynamics and of the dielectric function in order to investigate the importance of a detailed description of the optical properties. First results by considering intensity decreasing of the laser pump will be presented.
*The feedback system will be tested at the Accelerator R&D facility SINBAD (Short Innovative Bunches and Accelerators at DESY).
 
slides icon Slides WEOA02 [1.605 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-WEOA02  
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WEOA03 First Electro-Optical Bunch Length Measurements from the European XFEL electron, FEL, optics, detector 338
 
  • B. Steffen, M.K. Czwalinna, C. Gerth, P. Peier
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Three electro-optical bunch length detection systems based on spectral decoding have been installed and are being commissioned at the European XFEL. The systems are capable of recording individual longitudinal bunch profiles with sub-picosecond resolution at a bunch repetition rate 1.13 MHz. Bunch lengths and arrival times of entire bunch trains with single-bunch resolution have been measured as well as jitter and drifts for consecutive bunch trains. In this paper, we present first measurement results for the electro-optical detection system located after the second bunch compressor. A preliminary comparison with data from the bunch arrival-time monitor shows good agreement.  
slides icon Slides WEOA03 [4.496 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-WEOA03  
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WEOA04 The Application of Beam Arrival Time Measurement at SXFEL cavity, FEL, experiment, electron 342
 
  • S.S. Cao, J. Chen, Y.B. Leng, R.X. Yuan
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
 
  Shanghai soft X-ray free electron laser (SXFEL) is able to generate high brightness and ultra-short light pulses. The generation of the light sources relies on the synchronization between seeded laser and electron bunch. Beam arrival time play an important role to keep the synchronization. For the SXFEL, a beam arrival time resolution under 100 fs is required. In this paper, the application of beam arrival time measurement scheme on SXFEL has been presented. The whole BAM system consists of four parts: beam arrival time monitor, electronic front-end, signal acquisition system, and high-level signal processing and presentation. Currently, four sets of beam arrival time monitors (BAMs) have been installed in the SXFEL and distributed in four different locations. The relevant beam arrival time experiment and beam flight time experiment based on the dual-cavities mixing method have also been performed so as to evaluate and analyze the beam status.  
slides icon Slides WEOA04 [4.588 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-WEOA04  
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WEPA06 Thermal Coefficient of Delay Measurement of the New Phase Stable Optical Fiber * detector, controls, operation, ISOL 383
 
  • L. Liu, X. Ma, G. Pei
    IHEP, Beijing, People's Republic of China
 
  The Thermal Coefficient of Delay (TCD) is an essen-tial parameter of optical fiber which determines a fiber's phase transfer stability due to temperature variation. The TCD of a new phase stable single mode optical fiber (YPSOC) from Yangtze Optical Fibre and Cable Compa-ny (YOFC) is measured. The radio frequency (RF) signal is modulated to optical wave by a laser module which is transmitted through the 400-meter long YPSOC to be measured. The returned optical wave is demodulated to RF signal by the photodetector. A phase detector and a data acquisition module (DAQ) are used to acquire the phase difference between the forward and returned sig-nals. Two temperature-stabilized cabinets are designed to maintain and control the ambient temperature of the measurement system. The TCD of less than 10ps/km/K at room temperature is obtained. YPSOC and the meas-urement platform can be applied on signal transmission or measurement system that need to compensate the temperature drift.  
poster icon Poster WEPA06 [0.653 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-WEPA06  
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WEPA12 Differential Evolution Genetic Algorithm for Beam Bunch Temporal Reconstruction radiation, electron, FEL, experiment 392
 
  • D. Wu, T.H. He, C.L. Lao, P. Li, J. Liu, X. Luo, Q. Pan, L.J. Shan, X. Shen, J. Wang, D.X. Xiao, L.G. Yan, P. Zhang, K. Zhou
    CAEP/IAE, Mianyang, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
  • Y. Liu
    CAEP/IFP, Mainyang, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
 
  Funding: Work supported by China National Natural Science Foundation of China with grant (11475159, 11505173, 11505174, 11575264, 11605190 and 11105019)
Coherent radiation, such as coherent transition radiation, coherent diffraction radiation, coherent synchrotron radiation, etc, can be used to measure the longitudinal distribution of the electron beam bunch of any length, as long as the coherent radiation spectrum can be measured. In many cases, the Kramers-Krönig relationship is used to reconstruct the temporal distribution of the beam from the coherent radiation spectrum. However, the extrapolation of the low frequency will introduce the uncertainty of the reconstruction. In this paper, an algorithm of differential evolution (DE) for temporal reconstruction is discussed. The DE reconstruction works well for the complex and ultrashort distribution. It will be an effectIve tool to accurately measure the femtosecond bunch temporal structure.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-WEPA12  
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WEPA13 Electro-Optic Modulator Based Beam Arrival Time Monitor for SXFEL* FEL, electron, pick-up, timing 396
 
  • X.Q. Liu, L.F. Hua, L.W. Lai, Y.B. Leng, R.X. Yuan
    SINAP, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
  • N. Zhang
    SSRF, Shanghai, People's Republic of China
 
  Beam arrival time monitor (BAM) is an important tool to investigate the temporal characteristic of elec-tron bunch in free electron laser (FEL) like Shanghai soft X-ray Free Electron Laser (SXFEL). Since the timing jitter of electron bunch will affect the FEL's stability and the resolution of time-resolved experi-ment at FELs, it is necessary to precisely measure the electron bunch arrival time so as to reduce the timing jitter of the electron bunch with beam based feedback. The beam arrival time monitor based on electro-optic modulator (EOM) is already planned and will be de-veloped and tested at SXFEL in the next three years. Here the design and preliminary results of the EOM based beam arrival time monitor will be introduced in this paper.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-WEPA13  
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WEPA16 Micro-Bunching Instability Monitor for X-ray Free Electron Laser radiation, electron, bunching, linac 404
 
  • C. Kim, H.-S. Kang, G. Kim, I.S. Ko
    PAL, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
  • J.H. Ko
    POSTECH, Pohang, Kyungbuk, Republic of Korea
 
  A direct method was developed to measure the micro-bunching instability in the X-ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL). The micro-bunching instability comes from the interaction between the electron beam and the coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR), and the FEL intensity can be affected significantly by the micro-bunching instability. However, no effective method had been introduced to monitor the micro-bunching instability, so that we installed a CCD camera to measure the micro-bunching instability after the bunch compressor. The CCD camera showed the micro-bunching instability successfully, and more interesting features of the micro-bunching instability were revealed from it.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-WEPA16  
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WEPA20 First Results From the Bunch Arrival-Time Monitors at SwissFEL FEL, pick-up, electron, MMI 420
 
  • V.R. Arsov, P. Chevtsov, S. Hunziker, M.G. Kaiser, D. Llorente Sancho, A. Romann, V. Schlott, M. Stadler, D.M. Treyer
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • M. Dach
    Dach Consulting GmbH, Brugg, Switzerland
 
  Two Bunch Arrival-Time Monitors (BAM), based on fiber optical Mach-Zehnder intensity modulators, which encode the arrival-time information in the amplitude of the laser pulses delivered through a highly stable pulsed optical reference distribution system, have been commissioned and are operational at SwissFEL. The first BAM is at the RF-Gun, the second one is downstream the first bunch compressor. Both BAMs operate simultaneously and measure the arrival-time drift and jitter with less than 5 fs resolution. For the first time we have experimentally verified the excellent SwissFEL bunch stability. We have developed concepts and tested hardware, which enhance the commissioning and user operation. In particular we have successfully tested a tool for fast timing overlap between the electron bunch and the reference laser pulse, which allows fast system set-up and characterization. We have verified the capability for 2-bunch and 100 Hz operation. In comparison to the prototype detectors, which were operational at the SwissFEL test injector, we have achieved an improved BAM resolution in the range 10 pC - 200 pC.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-WEPA20  
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WEPB04 Comparison of YAG Screens and LYSO Screens at PITZ electron, HOM, emittance, background 438
 
  • R. Niemczyk, P. Boonpornprasert, Y. Chen, J.D. Good, M. Groß, H. Huck, I.I. Isaev, D.K. Kalantaryan, C. Koschitzki, M. Krasilnikov, X. Li, O. Lishilin, G. Loisch, D. Melkumyan, A. Oppelt, H.J. Qian, Y. Renier, F. Stephan, Q.T. Zhao
    DESY Zeuthen, Zeuthen, Germany
  • W. Hillert
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The Photo Injector Test facility at DESY in Zeuthen (PITZ) is dedicated to the development of high-brightness electron sources for free-electron lasers. At PITZ, to measure the emittance of space-charge-dominated beams, the slit scan technique is used. For slice emittance measurements a transverse deflecting structure (TDS) is employed. The electron beam distribution is measured by means of scintillator screens. Both the TDS and the slit mask reduce the signal strength, giving stringent requirements on the sensitivity of the screens. At PITZ, high-sensitivity Ce:LYSO screens have been installed at the same screen stations as the standard Ce:YAG screens to solve low-intensity issues. A comparison of both screens is presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-WEPB04  
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WEPC06 The New Diagnostic Suite for the Echo Enabled Harmonic Generation Experiment at FERMI electron, FEL, diagnostics, bunching 501
 
  • M. Veronese, A. Abrami, E. Allaria, M. Bossi, I. Cudin, M.B. Danailov, R. De Monte, M. Ferianis, F. Giacuzzo, S. Grulja, G. Kurdi, P. Rebernik Ribič, R. Sauro, G. Strangolino
    Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., Basovizza, Italy
 
  The Echo Enabled Harmonic Generation (EEHG) experiment has been implemented on the FEL2 line of the FERMI FEL at Elettra (Italy). The main purpose is to validate the expected performance improvements at short wavelengths before a dedicated major upgrade is deployed. This paper describes the new diagnostics and the operational experience with them during the EEHG experiment. By means of a multi position vacuum vertical manipulator, different optical components are positioned on the electron and seed laser path. Both transverse and longitudinal measurements are performed. A YAG:Ce screen (e beam) and a terbium doped UV scintillator (laser) are imaged on a dedicated CMOS camera. For the temporal alignment, an OTR screen and a scattering surface are used to steer radiation from the e-beam and laser, onto a fast photodetector. Also coherent OTR radiation, due to micro-bunching, is acquired by means of a PbSe photodetector. Finally, for the normal EEHG operation, the laser beam is injected on the electron beam axis by means of a UV reflecting mirror. The results of the installed diagnostics commissioning are here presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2018-WEPC06  
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