Keyword: neutron
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TUPA02 A Micromegas Based Neutron Detector for the ESS Beam Loss Monitoring detector, photon, simulation, proton 211
  • L. Segui, D. Desforge, F. Gougnaud, T.J. Joannem, C. Lahonde-Hamdoun, Ph. Legou, J. Marroncle, V. Nadot, T. Papaevangelou, G. Tsiledakis
    CEA/IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • H. Alves, S. Aune, J. Beltramelli, Q. Bertrand, T. Bey, M. Combet, M. Kebbiri, P. Le Bourlout, O. Maillard
    IRFU, CEA, University Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • I. Dolenc Kittelmann, T.J. Shea
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  • Y. Mariette
    CEA/DSM/IRFU, France
  Beam loss monitors are of high importance in high-intensity hadron facilities where any energy loss can produce damage or/and activation of materials. A new type of neutron BLM have been developed for hadron accelerators aiming to cover the low energy part. In this region typical BLMs based on charged particle detection are not appropriate because the expected particle fields will be dominated by neutrons and photons. Moreover, the photon background due to the RF cavities can produce false beam loss signals. The BLM proposed is based on gaseous Micromegas detectors, designed to be sensitive to fast neutrons and insensitive to photons (X and gamma). In addition, the detectors will be insensitive to thermal neutrons, since part of them will not be directly correlated to beam loss location. The appropriate configuration of the Micromegas operating conditions will allow excellent timing, intrinsic photon background suppression and individual neutron counting, extending thus the dynamic range to very low particle fluxes. The concept of the detectors and the first results from tests in several facilities will be presented. Moreover, their use in the nBLM ESS system will be also discussed  
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TUPA09 The Monte Carlo Simulation for the Radiation Protection in a Nozzle of HUST-PTF proton, radiation, shielding, photon 232
  • Y.C. Yu, H.D. Guo, Y.Y. Hu, X.Y. Li, Y.J. Lin, P. Tan, L.G. Zhang
    HUST, Wuhan, People's Republic of China
  Nozzle is the core component in proton therapy machine, which is closest to the patient and is necessary to consider the radiation impacts on patients and machine. The ionization chamber and the range shifter in active scanning nozzle are the main devices in the beam path that affect the proton beam and produce secondary particles during the collision, causing damage to the patients and machine. In this paper, the spatial distribution of energy deposited in all regions, the distribution of the secondary particles of 70-250MeV proton beam in the nozzle in Huazhong University of Science and Technology Proton Therapy Facility(HUST-PTF) are studied with Monte Carlo software FLUKA in order to provide reference for radiation shielding design. Six types of materials commonly used today as range shifters are analyzed in terms of the influence on radiation, so that the most suitable material will be selected.  
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